Reoperative CABG in a patient with prior concomitant lung transplantation and two-vessel CABG
Background: Lung transplants (LTx) are being offered to increasingly older patients, and as a result, more concomitant coronary artery disease is being encountered in LTx candidates. While concurrent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and LTx have become more common, the long-term considerations of reoperative CABG in patients following CABG with concomitant LTx are not fully understood.
Case presentation: A 75-year-old man with a history of bilateral LTx and concomitant CABG X 2 15 years prior presented to the emergency room with tachycardia and chest discomfort radiating to the left upper extremity. Emergent coronary angiography revealed severe three- vessel coronary artery disease with two occluded saphenous vein grafts, severe distal obtuse marginal (OM) and left circumflex disease, a collateralized chronic total occlusion of the mid LAD, and tortuosity of the proximal right innominate artery. The patient underwent a complex redo sternotomy and CABG X 2 due to dense adhesions in the mediastinum and pleura bilaterally. The postoperative course was complicated by left leg SVG harvest site cellulitis treated with IV antibiotics and hypervolemia treated with diuresis. The patient was discharged postoperatively on day 13.
Discussion: To our knowledge, this is the first reported successful reoperative CABG in a patient with a history of concomitant LTx and CABG. This case demonstrates feasibility, though additional caution is required due to the technical complexity and risk of immunosuppression in such complex patients.
Copyright (c) 2023 Emily Larson, Anson Lee, Jennifer Lawton, Hamza Aziz
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