EMPEROR-Preserved: SGLT2 inhibitors breakthrough in the management of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

Kerolos Wagdy, Sherif Nagy

Abstract


Background: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is a complex disease which accounts for more than half of all HF hospital admissions with high prevalence and lack of effective evidence-based management. Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor is a new antidiabetic drug that recently gained a new role in the management of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction but its role in HFpEF had yet to be studied.

Study and results: EMPEROR-Preserved trial set out to evaluate the effects of SGLT2 inhibition with empagliflozin on major heart failure outcomes in patients with HFpEF. The patients were randomized in a 1:1 fashion into two groups; to receive either empagliflozin 10 mg per day (n = 2,997) or placebo (n = 2,991) in addition to usual therapy. Empagliflozin led to a 21% risk reduction of the composite of cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure, which was mainly related to a 29% lower risk of hospitalization for heart failure rather than effect on cardiovascular death empagliflozin. The effects SGLT2 inhibitors were consistent in all patients.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21542/gcsp.2021.17

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