Comparison of vector velocity imaging and three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography for assessment of left ventricular longitudinal strain in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Hala Mahfouz Badran, Naglaa Faheem, Mahmood Soliman, Mohamed Hamdy, Magdi Yacoub


Background: Vector velocity imaging (VVI) is a two-dimensional wall motion tracking method that can measure cardiac mechanics in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). 3D-speckle tracking echocardiography (3D-STE) has been proven to be superior to conventional measures in assessment of LV function. The aim of this study was to compare the two technologies in the assessment of LV longitudinal strain (LS) in HCM patients.

Methods: A total of 50 patients with HCM were investigated using VVI and 3D-STE in same setting. 3D-STE allows obtaining longitudinal, circumferential, radial and area strains (AS). Values of longitudinal strain (LS) and AS by 3D-STE were compared to VVI- derived analyses. Thereafter, VVI-LS values were correlated with LV phenotype. Last, the variability of VVI versus 3DE strain measurements as well as recorded time of analysis was assessed.

Results: The absolute value of 3D-STE LS and AS is significantly higher than VVI-LS (P <0:0001). VVI provided complete longitudinal LV strain information, similar to 3D-STE. There is excellent agreement between the two technologies-derived values, however, a greater number of segments could be analyzed using VVI (94.7%), compared with 3DE (62.1%). Despite VVI being more time consuming, VVI-LS is more correlated to LV mass index, mitral regurgitation severity and functional class when compared with 3D-STE LS and AS.

Conclusions: VVI is a feasible modality for assessing LV longitudinal strain. Although VVI agreed well with 3D-STE for most of regional and global LS, a better correlation was found between VVI-LS and HCM phenotype. It is hypothesized that this discrepancy originates from the inferior imaging quality using 3D tracking algorithms.

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