Neuromuscular diseases with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

Sergi Cesar


[first paragraph of article]

Neuromuscular disorders are frequently associated with cardiac abnormalities, even in pediatric population. Cardiac involvement includes both structural changes and conduction disease. In general, HCM is a rare manifestation of neuromuscular diseases. Autosomal dominant inheritance with mutations in sarcomeric genes are described in about 60% of young adults and adult population with HCM. Other genetic disorders, such as inherited metabolic and neuromuscular diseases and other chromosome abnormalities are responsible of 5–10% of HCM in adults. We review the most frequent neuromuscular diseases related with HCM.

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