A systematic approach to 3D echocardiographic assessment of the aortic root


  • Andreas Hagendorff Dep. of Cardiology, University Hospital Leipzig, Germany
  • Stephan Stoebe Dep. of Cardiology, University Hospital Leipzig, Germany
  • Bhupendar Tayal Dep. of Cardiology, Aalborg University Hospital, Denmark




[first paragraph of article]

Severe aortic regurgitation (AR) and/or severe abnormalities of the aortic root and the tubular ascending aorta (TAA) are indications for surgical treatment. The correct diagnosis, the choice of optimal treatment, as well as optimal timing of surgery, mainly depend on findings obtained by echocardiography - which is usually the initial diagnostic modality applied in clinical practice. Therefore, an appropriate morphological and functional quantification of the aortic valve (AV) and the aortic root complex is required. Aside from the need of standardization to provide a precise objective evaluation, the use of modern echocardiographic technologies - especially 3D-echocardiography -are less often implemented in clinical routine. The present manuscript focuses on the advantages of transthoracic and transesophageal 3D-echocardiography (TTE, TEE) for an improved assessment of the AV and the aortic root complex to provide accurate and comprehensive measurements for making the correct diagnosis and defining further therapeutic strategies.






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